The Confederation Bridge crosses the Northumberland Strait to connect the province of New Brunsiwck to the province of Prince Edward Island. The bridge is Canada’s longest fixed-link crossing and the longest bridge which crosses over ice-covered water.
The Cape Jourimain observation tower offers the best view of the Confederation Bridge.
Periodic discussions regarding the installation of a bridge to connect Prince Edward Island (PEI) to the mainland had been ongoing since the late 1800s. Early proposals looked at developing a railway tunnel under the Strait, but this idea was later abandoned due to concerns over engineering and costs.
In 1966, the Government of Canada moved forward with a development plan for a bridge, getting so far as to construct a causeway connecting Tenholm and Jourimain Island; however, this endeavour was ultimately abandoned. It wasn’t until 1987, after receiving a number of development proposals, that the Government of Canada began conducting a new feasibility study for a fixed-link crossing.
In 1988, a plebiscite was conducted on PEI, which resulted in a majority vote in favour of constructing a bridge. Cape Jourimain in NB and Borden-Carleton in PEI were selected as the two end points due to being the shortest distance between the two provinces.
In 1992, Strait Crossing Bridge Limited was granted the development and construction began in 1993, beginning a complex four-year construction process. The 12.9-kilometre, multi-span cantilever bridge was completed in 1996 and officially opened to the public on May 31st, 1997.
You can find out more about the Confederation Bridge at: http://www.confederationbridge.com/