The Confederation Bridge crosses the Northumberland Strait and connects the province of New Brunsiwck to the province of Prince Edward Island. The bridge is Canada’s longest fixed-link crossing and the longest bridge in the world to cross ice-covered water.
- When was the bridge opened? 1997.
- How long is the bridge? 12.9-km.
- How tall is it? 40-m above the Strait and 60-m at the central span.
- How long did it take to build? 4 years.
- Who maintains it? Strait Crossing Bridge Limited.
- Why is it curved? To prevent a “hypnotic effect” while driving across it.
- How much does it cost to go across? http://confederationbridge.com/tolls-fees/tolls-fees.html
- Where can I get the best view? Cape Jourimain observation tower.
Discussions regarding building a bridge to connect Prince Edward Island (PEI) to the mainland had been ongoing since the late 1800s. Early proposals looked at developing a railway tunnel under the Strait, but this idea was later abandoned due to concerns over engineering and costs.
In 1966, the Government of Canada moved forward with a development plan for a bridge, getting so far as to construct a causeway connecting Tenholm and Jourimain Island; however, this endeavour was ultimately abandoned. It wasn’t until 1987, after receiving a number of development proposals, that the Government of Canada began conducting a new feasibility study for a fixed-link crossing.
In 1988, a plebiscite was conducted on PEI, which resulted in a majority vote in favour of constructing a bridge. Cape Jourimain in NB and Borden-Carleton in PEI were selected as the two end points due to being the shortest distance between the two provinces.
In 1993, Strait Crossing Bridge Limited began a complex, four-year construction process. The 12.9 km, multi-span cantilever bridge was completed in 1996 and officially opened to the public on May 31st, 1997.
Find out more about the Confederation Bridge at: http://www.confederationbridge.com/